History

Tradition and progress since 1773

1773

Foundation of the company

 

Omutninsk Metalurgical Plant (OMP) was founded during the reign of Empress Catherine II, a merchant, and later a factory owner and Lieutenant Colonel AD, Ivan Petrovich Ossokin.

The official date of the foundation is 1 May 1773, as on this day the official building permit was issued by the Berg-Kollegien. The first steel smelting took place in autumn 1775. Initially, the plant had only a ten-metre-high blast furnace and a refinery. In addition there were six kilns and six hammers. The air blowers were driven by a water wheel. The product range was small: cast iron bayonets from which fresh iron was forged. Later installation of an upsetting machine, allowed production of flat and strip iron.

The transport of the production material on barges usually took place once a year in spring, when the river Omutnaya became navigable after the release of pond water. The products were sold mainly at the Laishevskij fair (near Kazan) and partly in Vyatka. Later at the fair Nizhny Novgorod, where the material of Omutninsk enjoyed great popularity.

1820 – 1845

First extension of the plant

 

The first significant expansion of the factory took place in 1820, when Gavril Ivanovich Osokin, who had inherited the factory, rented it to the descendants of the Swedish nobleman Herman Fridrichowitsch Weimarn (later - senator in St. Petersburg). The period of "Weimar rent" was extended in 1819-1845. During this period the capacity of the blast furnace increased sharply and a second refinery was built. Over the years from 1819 to 1845, the capacity of the blast furnace increased sharply and a second refinery was built.

The number of Blumery furnaces and hammers doubled to twelve. By 1841, the plant had three three-cylinder blowers, each with four flames.

1850 – 1862

Takeover by the Pastuhovy family

 

In the second half of the 19th century, when the Pastuhovy merchants from Yaroslavl became the owners, the first restructuring of the company took place (27.05.1850). In 1886 the factory was fully owned by N.P. Pastuchov. During "Pastuhov's Government" a whole group of talented mining engineers were hired to senior positions. Between 1849-1855, the plant was managed by Andrew Hristianovich von Siegel. At this time the construction of the second blast furnace, the puddle welding factory and the construction of the Omutninsk dam began. N.P. Pastuchov was also known for opening a first factory school on his own initiative, building a factory hospital in 1850 and building the first Orthodox church in the name of St. Alexander Nevsky, which was consecrated on 10 June 1853.

In November 1856 the second blast furnace was put into operation and the puddle welding factory began to operate between 1861 and 1862, which gave new impetus to the development of the plant. At that time the puddle method was considered very modern and opened new horizons for the Omutninsk Steelworks (OMP). In the second half of the 19th century (until 1884) the plant produced using the Puddel method, which was also used for rolling sheets and profiles (tire tape, strip, narrow strip, round, etc.). Both blast furnaces were modernised in 1861. In general, the technical equipment of the plant became more complex.

1872

Unique roofs in the capital St. Petersburg

 

According to the archives, steel from Omuntninsk was sold to St. Petersburg for its unique properties, namely - of rare purity, strength and corrosion resistance, for the construction of palaces and other important buildings by important renowned architects of the period.

The palace roofs made of this steel did not require any additional processing or coating. For example, in 1800 in St. Petersburg, 141 tons of sheet metal were shipped.

In 1872, at the Moscow Polytechnic Exhibition, OMP was awarded a large silver medal for the presented cast iron and steel samples. And even later in the 20th century there was no need to advertise the roof construction from Omutninsk: the quality was excellent, although the technology of rolling sheet steel dates back to the 18th century.

1875 – 1894

Modernization and plant expansion

 

Die Einstellung des englischen Mechanikers F.I. Evans trug dazu weiter bei. Im Jahre 1875 kam ein Schmiedewerk und eine erste Wasserturbine zum Einsatz. Zu den größten Veränderungen der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts zählte der Bau eines Walzwerkes an Stelle des alten Raffinerieofens. Dies geschah zwischen 1884-1886 unter der Leitung von P.M. Karpinsky. Unterstützt wurde er von dem Bergbauingenieur und Akademiemitglied M.A. Pavlov - Metallurgiewissenschaftler und Gründer der Theorie des Hochofenprozesses. In der Zeit von 1888 bis 1894 wurden zwei Puddelöfen geschlossen und zwei Röstöfen errichtet. Im Jahr 1890 wurde ein Flammofen (Kupolofen) für den Guss von großen gusseisernen Elementen und ein Brückenkran installiert.

1897 – 1906

Turn of the century

 

In 1897 a third blast furnace with hot air was built under the management of S.D. Kuznetsov - mining engineer and geologist, a man known in Ural factories. In addition to water wheels for propulsion, more and more steam engines were used. In 1898 the Public People's Library was opened. Under the administration of I.P. Shishov, the following schools were opened: on 15 October 1901 - Malagovskaya Vocational School, on 15 September 1902 - a two-year Ministry School and on 22 October 1902 - a People's House in honour of the 40th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom. In autumn 1906 the first women's high school with nine teachers was opened.

The rapid construction of the railway in Russia and especially the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway (1891-1906) drew a line under the whole old Ural industry. An ordinary life of Ural factories working exclusively with local raw materials (ore, forest, energy from falling water) was irrevocably a thing of the past. The eldest son of the owner L.N. Pastukhov, who effectively managed the plant for the last 25 years of the "Pastuhov government", understood this best.

1905 – 1915

Major modernization

 

One of the most important roles in plant development was played by mining engineer Reingold Yakovlevich Gartvan, who later served as deputy chairman of the metallurgical division of the State Planning Commission. During his tenure (1905-1915), the plant was fundamentally renovated. According to his plan, sectional steel became the main product with a wide variety of shapes and sizes produced in small quantities. These products were necessary for the automotive and aircraft industries in Russia, which at that time developed further in Russia. The exclusivity of the products gave the plant a monopoly position on the Russian steel market. Between 1910-1913 the main rolling mill with the main rolling mill "200" and secondary rolling mill "500", the 15-ton Siemens-Martin furnace, the fire-resistant production hall and the electric power station were put into operation.

The power plant was equipped with a steam turbogenerator from "Brown-Bovery" (currently ABB), a sterling boiler and an electric generator with Francis turbine. In the factory started the era of using electric motors, which was 420 hp from the German company "Siemens & Halske" with 420 hp was installed in the section mill. On July 10, 1913 the shares of Omutninsk Metalurgical Plant were sold to shareholders from St. Petersburg, but the Pastuk-hovy family held a majority stake. This is how the "Nordwerke der Erben von N.P. Pastukhov Stock Company" was founded.

1917 – 1925

After the nationalization

 

From 1917-1919 a mining engineer named E.N. Barbot-de-Marni worked in the factory as commercial manager and later as technical manager. He was known as the author of numerous articles in the field of metallurgy and for his book "Ural and its wealth". In the spring of 1918, the factory was nationalised. During this time, links were established with the automotive and aeronautical industries, the plant produced chrome-nickel steels for the air fleet and wrought iron for the marine fleet.

The lack of a concrete owner led to a lack of investment and working capital (money, ore, fuel, etc.). It was not until 1925 that Omutninsk steel was tested in Moscow and proved to be of higher quality than Zlatoust and Putilovsk steel. This led to the expansion of the state order.

1926 – 1930

Start of production of special profiles

 

In the period after the revolution, from 1920 to 1930, the management followed the increasing product range and complexity of profiles produced in small series (tool steel, carbon steel and structural steel). In 1926, the talented calibrator N.P. Pawlow (1874-1947) worked in the factory, performing difficult roll calibrations for hot rolling, and thus obtained the first production of special profiles. Later, he was head of the hot rolling process and successfully developed new shapes of special profiles. The role of the Omutninsk plant grew rapidly thanks to the monopoly position of its products on the domestic market.

Between 1922 and 1926, the factory moved to the production of high quality sectional steel. Important milestones in the development of the plant were the closure of the blast furnaces (1929) and the construction of the second Siemens-Martins furnace (1930 - 1932) as well as the construction of the Yar-Fosforitnaya railway line (1929 - 1932).

1931

Transport of steel

 

Im Frühjahr 1931 wurden die Produkte von OMP zum letzten Mal auf Lastkähnen über Wasser transportiert. Der Bau der Eisenbahnstrecke löste diesen Weg ab. Am 15. Juni 1931 kam die erste Lokomotive in Omutninsk an und ab Oktober 1932 wurde der reguläre Bahnverkehr eröffnet.

1938 – 1941

Rebirth of sheet metal production

 

The further development of the plant was advanced with the construction of the new power plant (1936 - 1941) and on 6 November 1938 - with the start of the rolling mill "550-2" for flat steel (closed in 1969), which was installed next to the existing roll "550 No. 1". Whereas   flat steel had been produced in the puddling process for the construction of roofs in the period 1896-1907,   the puddling pieces were rolled into flat slabs before they passed into the sheet rolling mill, in the 1920s production shifted from roof steel to flat steel for industrial use.

1941 – 1945

War years and further development

 

During the war, the demand for flat steel increased drastically due to the mass production of mine bodies and sapper shovels. During this period, both flat rolling mills "550" were operating at full capacity as never before.

The plant also installed new powerful electric motors for the "450", "280" and "550" No. 2 rolling mills. The modernization of the "500" rolling mill and the conversion of the annealing furnace and the two Siemens Martin furnaces also began at this time. Due to the strong expansion of the "special products" during the war years (spades, mine bodies), the required quantities of steel sheet and roof sheet were greatly increased and the rolling of 5 mm sheet for the swearing industry was implemented. During the execution of these orders, new steel grades were developed, which found their applications in the aviation industry. With the hot rolls the production employees produced more than 20 new complex special profiles. The following profiles were produced: Anchor profiles, poles, trapezoidal profiles, U and T profiles, conical profiles and angles in various sizes. The designer of the well-known "PPSch-41" G.S. Schpagin has not only often written about OMP, he was even on site to thank for the good work. In 1948 he took part in the birthday celebration of the 175th anniversary of the factory.

At the same time, the construction of the third Siemens Martin kiln was started in order to further increase production.

1946

The gift to Stalin

 

At the beginning of 1946, the former plant employee J.E. Chadaev presented a gift to Josef Stalin the I.V. in the name of all plant employees - a beautifully designed pallet with profile samples from OMP. During the Second World War, J.E. Chadaev's name was known by many Soviets.

Many important government decisions and especially the granting of general and admiral titles were published in newspapers signed by two persons - the chairman of the Sovnarkom of the USSR, Josef Stalin, and the managing director of Sovnarkom of the USSR, J.E. Chadaev.

1957

Rolling mill "280"

 

In 1957, OMP was close to closure. The chief engineer I.H. Markov assumed responsibility for the construction of the new rolling mill using his own resources. From 1959 to 1962 the construction and installation of the new rolling mill "280" took place. The first rolling was carried out on 31 October 1962. Exactly this determined the further fate of the plant.

1960 – 1980

Time of rapid development

 

Von 1960 bis 1980 war die Zeit der rasanten Entwicklung von OMP. In den Jahren 1963-1964 wurde eine neue Thermo-Kalibrier-Anlage errichtet und von 1964-1966 eine neue Gießerei. Ein Meilenstein in der Lebensdauer des Werks war der Start des ersten in der Sowjetunion-Komplex für kombinierten Gießens und Walzens - eine Einheit der Walzstraße "140-500", die Anfang 1966 in den Probebetrieb genommen wurde.

Im Jahr 1965 wurde mit dem Bau der neuen Walzstraße für kaltgezogene Profile begonnen, der Start der ersten Etappe erfolgte 1969 und die zweite Etappe 1972. Im Jahr 1973 wurde OMP 200 Jahre alt und erhielt den Orden der Labour Red Flag. 1974 wurde das Werk für die Produktion von Sonderprofilen mit dem Staatspreis ausgezeichnet.

In der Zeit zwischen 1976-1994 unter der Leitung von Direktor A.M. Petrenko wurden verschiedene soziale Einrichtungen, darunter ein Sanatorium, ein Krankenhaus, mehrere Kindergärten, ein Kurhaus und drei große Wohnheime gebaut. Bis Ende 1985 wurde eine neue Anlage zur Herstellung von Aufzugsführungsschienen in Betrieb genommen.

 

1990 – 1995

The transition to a market economy

 

In the 90s, with the beginning of market reforms in Russia, OMP was no longer a state-owned company. In September 1992 an open joint-stock company was established, which later became a closed joint-stock company.

A major event in the life of the plant was the commissioning of the new rolling mill "450" at the end of 1992, which produced the starting material for the production of elevator guide rails.

In mid-1994 V.A. Kuznetsov was appointed General Director of the plant. The plant management not only saved the plant from bankruptcy, but also created a reliable basis for its further development.

2011 – 2013

Continuous modernization

 

In der Zeit von 2011 bis 2013 wurde die nächste Phase der Modernisierung durchgeführt – eine neue Walzstraße "500" wurde installiert. Der Walzprozess war jetzt voll mechanisiert und automatisiert. Die Walzstraße wurde im Februar 2014 in Betrieb genommen. Mittlerweile ist die Modernisierung ein konstanter Prozess – der alle Bereich des Werkes, ob Qualitätsüberprüfung, Automatisierung von Weiterverarbeitung, mechanische Bearbeitung, Wärmebehandlung oder Stahlerschmelzung betrifft.

2014 – heute

The new face of the company

 

Currently, the joint-stock company "OMP" is a compact company specializing in the production of hot-rolled and high-precision cold-drawn steel profiles with complex cross-sections. These are used, among others, in the automotive industry, mechanical engineering, the tool industry, metrology and many other sectors. OMP also specializes in the production of elevator guide rails for passenger and freight elevators according to Russian and international standards.

The company's dynamic development and stable financial position are reflected in numerous prizes and awards. OMP has been awarded the Golden Globe, Big Seal, Golden Eagle, Golden Palm and Grand Prix prizes for its achievements in international programs such as Partnership for Progress and Integration into the World Economy.

OMP's products are well known and appreciated not only in Russia but also abroad. Since the foundation of VOL-Stahl GmbH, sales to the world markets have increased significantly. In 2014, a representative office was founded in Shanghai (China), which was converted into a limited liability company two years later thanks to its excellent development. Thanks to the high professionalism and loyalty of the employees and despite a difficult environment, the Omutninsk Metallugical Plant (OMP) and its associated companies developed excellently.

The traditions and experiences accumulated over the centuries are successfully continued by the present employees and allow us all to look optimistically into the future.

2007

Expansion - Foundation of VOL-Stahl GmbH

 

Im Jahr 2007 wurde die VOL-Stahl GmbH gegründet mit ihrem Hauptsitz in Dresden und Lager- und Anarbeitungshallen in Hoyerswerda. Von dort startet der Vertrieb von Produkten des Werkes OMP in die Märkte außerhalb der ehemaligen GUS Staaten. Hauptprodukte waren zu diesem Zeitpunkt Aufzugsführungsschienen sowie Sonderprofile für die Automobilindustrie

2001 – 2007

New start and major modernization

 

Since February 2001, Omutninsk Metallurgical Plant has been managed by A.D. Voloskov, who has been Technical Director of the plant since 1995. Under his leadership, a major modernization of the plant began in order to create a modern company. A long-term investment program aimed at reconstruction and modernization of production was successfully implemented. The implementation of this large-scale project began with the conversion of heating production to natural gas. All production facilities at the plant were gradually converted to natural gas from 2001 to 2011. On December 25, 2006, the first stage of steel smelting reconstruction was completed. A large industrial complex consisting of a ladle furnace and a continuous casting plant was put into operation. This was the biggest reconstruction in the history of OMP.



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